Pakistan Reception Seen Cool | Desert Sun, Volume 42, Number 309, 31 July 1969

UPI Foreign News Analayst 

In Pakistan, President Nixon is visiting the only major non Communist nation still retaining close ties with Red China, mostly because of a mutual animosity toward India. And, while the president is visiting Pakistan as a friend, he is bound to find a cool reception on a number of issues close to the United States. The first of these is that so far as Pakistan is concerned both CENTO, and SEATO, are dead. CENTO is the Central Treating Organization linking NATO in the west and SEATO, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, in the east. The Pakistan press, largely government - controlled, has been unanimous in its denunciation of Nixon’s proposals for ‘collective security.” Pakistan has turned down Soviet proposals for an Asian security plan which would unite South and Southeast Asian nations against Communist China and will not accept the same idea from the United States. A high-ranking Pakistani delegation recently visited Peking and Red Chinese Premier Chou En-lai has accepted an Invitation to visit Pakistan. Pakistan also has no intention of a reconciliation with India, at least until after the Kashmir issue is settled, in Pakistan’s favor. Kashmir has been a chief bone of contention between the two countries since their independence in 1947. The brief Paklstan-India war of 1965 was fought on the Kashmir issue. Whatever real warmth there is to Nixon’s reception will be due to his importance as a banker. In the last 15 years, the United States has extended to Pakistan $3.5 billion in economic and military aid. It still is Pakistan’s largest single source of foreign aid, and Pakistan wants more. The United States suspended aid to both India and Pakistan during the 1965 fighting. It since has resumed economic aid but has limited its military aid to "non-lethal” items. In 1967, Pakistan received $40 million and in 1968, $50 million. This year the government hopes for $l85 million and also hopes to break the U.S. embargo on weapons. Pakistan still is feeling the effects of the convulsion which led to the fall of President Ayub Khan last March and the rise to power of Gen. Yahya Khan, no relation. To still the unrest, the government promised workers wage increases and other reforms totalling more than $200 million. A great deal of the money must come from the outside. And, although the government has relaxed some of the curbs imposed by martial law, the country is still far from out of the woods. East Pakistan politicians still are demanding autonomy, and unless the government carries out its promises to the workers, industry, particularly in the west, could come to another standstill.

May 25, 1947: Pakistan "Absurd" Says Pandit Nehru


SUNDAY, MAY 25, 1947

Pakistan "Absurd" Says Pandit Nehru

NEW DELHI, Sat: Congress leader Nehru described as "fantastic, absurd and completely unrealistic" Moslem leader Jinnah's demand for a corridor through Hindustan to connect 2 groups of Pakistan provinces in northern India. Nehru said Congress stood for the union of India with the right of particular areas to elect to stand out. "In no event can we agree to any part of India having foreign j bases or extraterritorial rights," he declared.

Day 1-1: Proceedings of the Special Committee of the Whole House Held in Camera to Consider the Qadiani (Ahmadiyya Community) Issue


Yahya Bakhtiar was a lawyer who served as the Attorney General of Pakistan. Yahya was born in 1921 at Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. Born into Pashtun family, Yahya Bakhtiar studied at schools in Quetta and Lahore. He studied Law in London and was called to the Bar in the United Kingdom. Yahya Bakhtiar became a member of the All-India Muslim League in 1941.

Yahya Bakhtiar, as the attorney general, played a key role in framing of the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan when he served in Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's cabinet.[1]. His biggest contribution was cross-examination of Mirza Nasir Ahmad, leader of the Non-Muslim Qadiani group in front of the parliament committee. Yahya Bakhtiar died on June 27, 2003 in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

Monday, the 5th August 1974

The Special Committee of the Whole House met in camera in the Assembly Chamber, (State Bank Building), Islamabad, at ten of the clock, in the morning, Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali) in the Chair.

Sahibzada Farooq Ali (born September 5, 1931) was the ninth Speaker of National Assembly of Pakistan. He was elected from the city of Multan. He was a landlord and belonged to Toor Tribe and was originally from the Wayanwali village near Ghakhar Mandi, Wazirabad.


Procedure of Cross Examination

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): I think we will start just within 5 minutes. The Attorney General is busy in my chamber discussing the questions with Maulana Zafar Ahmad Ansari and he will be here within two or three minutes.

Zafar Ahmad Ansari (1991 - 1908) Pakistani Muslim politician and joint secretary of All India Muslim League. He was an expert in constitutional law and Islam. He was elected as an independent member of National Assembly in 1970 elections. He was the member of the “The Assembly to Protect the End of Prophethood” (Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat) in 1974. He also closely coordinated with the then Attorney General Yahya Bakhtiar in gathering material for cross questioning.

He was appointed to the Council of Islamic Ideology in Pakistan in 1977. He was amongst the members of Mutamar Alim e Islami. He was the founding Chairman of the commission setup by President General Zia Ul Haq to advise Islamic changes in constitution in the light of Shariah. It was later named as Ansari Commission.

Yes, bring them. They should come to the house. They can discuss here. No, not right now. Ask the delegation to come downstairs. And again, I will request the honourable members that in the presence of the delegation and in the presence of the witness no controversial issues should be raised. The Attorney General may be allowed to put the questions, and if honourable member is not satisfied with the question or he thinks that the answer is evasive, he can send a chit to me or to the Attorney General; and if something of a very important nature comes to the notice of any honourable member, he can make a request and we can adjourn the House for five or ten minutes. We can ask the witness to wait outside and we can discuss the matter among ourselves.


Mohammad Hanif Khan was a politician who served as the Finance minister of Pakistan from 22 October 1974 to 28 March 1977. He was from the city of chichawatni, Sahiwal which is in the Punjab. He was the elder son of Ch. Nawab khan who migrated from garhshankar, hoshiyarpur India.

He was barrister at law from Lincoln's Inn, and was an honorable member of the society of Lincoln's Inn. After that he came to Pakistan and started his political career in 1970 with the Pakistan People's Party. He was twice elected as a Member of the National Assembly and was assigned a number of different ministerial portfolios over a span of seven years.


Muhammad Hanif Khan: If a person thinks of any new question at the spot then what is the procedure for this?

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): About that…

Muhammad Hanif Khan: Should we write it to the Attorney General?

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): You can note it down and give it to the Attorney General. And Attorney General said the day before yesterday during the Steering Committee that as a lawyer there are difficulties, every lawyer has its own method. So, he said (method of) putting the questions and getting the answers. For two hours or for one day, let him be allowed to have a free hand in cross-examination and if the honourable members fee that something is missing or lacking, they can guide him and instruct him. Mr. Attorney-General, have you anything to say? Have you anything to add? Okay should we call the witness? One thing also, I will request that during the cross-examination the quorum may be kept 10 from this side and 30 from that side. The honourable members can come and go but the quorum may be kept in tack.

Yes, call them in.

I will request the honourable members to be in their seats. Can come nearer, to the un-occupied seats according to their choice. If they want to site where they are, it is up to them.

The Delegation entered the Chamber


Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): Now we will start with the proceedings. I will request the witness to take the Oath.

Hāfiz Mirza Nasir Ahmad (16 November 1909 – 9 June 1982) was the third caliph, head of the Ahmadiyya Community. He was elected as the third successor of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad on 8 November 1965. In England, he obtained Master of Arts degree in the Tripos (P.P.E.) Political Science, Philosophy and Economics from Balliol College, University of Oxford. From May 1944 to November 1965, he was principal of the Talim-ul-Islam College, first in Qadian, then after partition, in Rabwah, Pakistan.

Mirza Nasir Ahmed (Witness, Leader of Ahmadiyya Community of Rabwah): I solemnly swear (believing Allah is Omnipresent (Hazir and Nazir)) that whatever I will say, I will say with faith/honesty.

Method of Recording the Cross-Examination

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): Yes, the Attorney-General. For the Reporters, for every question and answer there should be separate sheet. Yes.

Muhammad Hanif Khan: The proceedings are going to be lengthy; I think if the Attorney-General can keep on sitting, that will be much better.

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): It is up to him.

Muhammad Hanif Khan: He might face some difficulty.

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): It is up to him. It is up to the Attorney-General, because we allowed the witness even to make a statement while sitting.

Muhammad Hanif Khan: That is why. It is up to him.

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): It is up to him.

Cross-Examination of the Qadiani Group Delegation

Mr. Yahya Bakhtiar (Attorney-General of Pakistan): Mirza Sahib, I would be asking you certain questions, but if you find that you don’t want to answer any question or you cannot answer any question…

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): The mic…

Mr. Yahya Bakhtiar (Attorney-General of Pakistan): I repeat…

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): The mic is all right but the…

Mr. Yahya Bakhtiar (Attorney-General of Pakistan): Will you…

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): No, honourable Attorney-General is tall.

One member: Yes.

Mr. Yahya Bakhtiar (Attorney-General of Pakistan): No, its all right.

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): The member can use the earphone.

Mr. Yahya Bakhtiar (Attorney-General of Pakistan): I will be asking you certain questions. If you find that you cannot answer these questions or any one of them or you do not want to answer that question. You are not bound to do so. But you will appreciate that the Special Committee will draw such inference as it considers appropriate from your refusal to answer any particular question. That inference may be favourable to your cause or may be adverse. If you are not in a position to answer any questions straightaway, you may ask the Committee for time; and if it so considers, it will give you time to answer the question.

Now, Sir, will you tell us who was the founder of the Ahmedia Movement?

Mirza Nasir Ahmed (head of the Ahmadiyya Community): For this matter, I will request that I should be given time. Tomorrow, I will present written document to you.

Mr. Yahya Bakhtiar (Attorney-General of Pakistan): Thank you.

You are Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s grandson?

Mirza Nasir Ahmed (head of the Ahmadiyya Community): Yes.

Mr. Yahya Bakhtiar (Attorney-General of Pakistan): His son’s son?

Mirza Nasir Ahmed (head of the Ahmadiyya Community): His son’s son.

Mr. Yahya Bakhtiar (Attorney-General of Pakistan): Will you please give us some brief account of your life, your education, your date of birth? Because the whole record is being prepared, that’s why I am asking.

Mirza Nasir Ahmed (head of the Ahmadiyya Community): I have herd that I was born on 16 November 1909…

Miangul Aurangzeb 28 May 1928 – 3 August 2014) was the last Wali Ahad (Crown Prince) of the former Swat State, the son of the last Wali of Swat, Miangul Jahan Zeb and the son-in-law of the former president of Pakistan, Muhammad Ayub Khan. He served in the National Assembly of Pakistan and as governor of Balochistan and subsequently as governor of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

In 1970 the first ever one-man one-vote general elections were held in Pakistan, which marked a new chapter for the former ruling family of Swat. Aurangzeb was elected on a Muslim League platform, defeating a strong candidate of the National Awami Party.

Mian Gull Aurangzeb: Ganab, cant’ hear the sound.

Mr. Chairman (Sahibzada Farooq Ali): You can increase the volume little bit. Not too much, other wise it will be noisy. Is it all right ?

Mirza Nasir Ahmed (head of the Ahmadiyya Community): I was born on 16 November 1909. I think Metric records are off by few days. The actual date of birth is 16 November 1909. It is been told to me that after that my Grandmother took care of me and I was raised with her. I didn’t lived with my mother. And by Grandmother I mean the wife of the founder of the Ahmadiyya movement. During childhood, I first did Hifaz of Quran. Then I learned Arabic. I passed the exam of Maulvi Fázil in 1929.

The degree “Maulvi Fázil”, first introduced by the Oriental College of the Punjab University (Lahore) in the 1920s, was equivalent to a B.A. degree in Arabic, such as could be obtained on completing the fourteenth class of a degree college.

And then in 1930 I passed Matric exam with all subjects. And then after spending four years in Government College, Lahore, in 1934 I passed the B.A exam in philosophy and psychology. In 1934, I got admission in Balliol College, University of Oxford, their first term start from October over there. And in 1938 I passed what they call in their language P.P.I meaning Philosophy, Political Science and Economics, in these subjects I completed B.A. and according to their regulations, if someone stay enrolled after spending few year in the college, receives an honouree M.A. degree, that I received because Jamaat…

For this purpose, my life was waqf, I was appointed as the Principal of our college Talim ul Islam in 1944. And I remained the principal of the college from 1944 to November 1965. First in undivided India, then division happened, and Pakistan was created and our college came here and because all our library, books, and science equipment was left there, we had to start everything again over here. And till 1965, I served the nation as the Principal of the college. And in November 1965, the Ahmadiyya Community appointed me as their Imam through election.





First Pakistani to win Nobel Prize


First Pakistani to win Nobel Prize

STOCKHOLM, Monday (AAP-Reuter). — Professor Abdus Salam became the first Pakistani to win a Nobel Prize today when he shared the Nobel Prize for Physics.The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded Professor Salam and Professor Sheldon Glashow and Professor Steven Weinberg, of the US the prize of the equivalent of $A 168,000 for their contributions toward unifying the weak and electro-magnetic forces in atoms.
Professor Glashow, 46, and Professor Weinberg, 36, are both at Harvard University in Massachusetts, while Professor Salam, born in Pakistan and educated at Cambridge, now works at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy, and the Imperial College of Sciences and Technology, London.
The academy said their contribution had been of great importance for the intense development of particles physics in this decade. It had thrown new light on the interaction of weak as well as strong forces within the nucleus of elementary particles.

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